Team Science Resource
What Is Team Science*
Team science is a collaborative effort to address a scientific challenge that leverages the strengths and expertise of professionals trained in different fields. Although traditional single-investigator driven approaches are ideal for many scientific endeavors, coordinated teams of investigators with diverse skills and knowledge may be especially helpful for studies of complex social problems with multiple causes.
Over the past two decades, there has been an emerging emphasis on scientifically addressing multi-factorial problems, such as climate change, the rise of chronic disease, and the health impacts of social stratification. This has contributed to a surge of interest and investment in team science. Increasingly, scientists across many disciplines and settings are engaging in team-based research initiatives. These include small and large teams, uni- and multi-disciplinary groups, and efforts that engage multiple stakeholders such as scientists, community members, and policy makers. Academic institutions, industry, national governments, and other funders are also investing in team science initiatives.
A growing trend within team science is cross-disciplinary science in which team members with training and expertise in different fields work together to combine or integrate their perspectives in a single research endeavor. Cross-disciplinary team science has been identified as a means to engage in expansive studies that address a broad array of complex and interacting variables. It is seen as a promising approach to accelerate scientific innovation and the translation of scientific findings into effective policies and practices.
The success of team science is influenced by a variety of contextual environmental influences. These factors influence each stage of a scientific initiative, with implications for efficiency, productivity, and overall effectiveness. They include:
- Funding trends
- Institutional infrastructure and resources for communication and data sharing
- Organizational policies—such as promotion and tenure policies—that impact team-based endeavors
- Team processes, including the existence of agreements related to proprietary rights to data and discovery, as well as mechanisms for feedback and reflection
- Interpersonal dynamics among team members
- Team members' collaborative skills and experiences
More to Come!
The Team Science Resource will be adding more information as the year progresses. Please keep us in mind when you have any questions regarding Team Science.
The Science of Team Science*
The science of team science (SciTS) is a rapidly emerging field focused on understanding and enhancing the processes and outcomes of team science. A key goal of SciTS is to learn more about factors that maximize the efficiency, productivity, and effectiveness of team science initiatives.
A diverse group of scholars contributes to SCiTS. They bring conceptual, historical, and methodological approaches from a wide variety of disciplines and fields, including public health, management, communications, and psychology. They have created measures to assess team science processes and outcomes, and to influence contextual and environmental conditions. Applying these measures can help researchers evaluate team science, improve the quality of ongoing initiatives, and develop best practices.
Major areas of inquiry in SciTS include:
- Methods and models for the study of team science
- The structure and organization of team science, particularly the collaborative processes moderated by a variety of contextual environmental factors
- Team characteristics and dynamics, such as the elements of effective leadership, ideal team composition, and communication styles
- Design and outcomes of training programs to support team science
- Translation of team science findings to practice and policy
- Scientific and societal outcomes of team science such as scientific discoveries and innovations, knowledge dissemination, and long-term public health impacts.
Feel free to open the links below to peruse the slides from the workshop held February the 15th.
|Introduction - The Translational Question|
|Building Successful MTTs|
|Essential Team Components|